California’s Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) today announced it intends to list furfuryl alcohol as known to the state to cause cancer under Proposition 65. OEHHA is proposing this action is being under Proposition 65’s authoritative bodies listing mechanism.
OEHHA cites a 2014 report published by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency as identifying furfuryl alcohol as a carcinogen.
According to OEHHA the report on furfuryl alcohol entitled Cancer Assessment Document, Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Potential of Furfural and Furfuryl Alcohol (US EPA, 2014), the U.S. EPA concluded that furfuryl alcohol is “Likely to be Carcinogenic to Humans.”
OEHHA notes in the announcement it is relying on US EPA’s discussion of data and conclusions in the report to reach the conclusion furfuryl alcohol causes cancer. Evidence described in the report includes studies showing that furfuryl alcohol increases the incidence of rare nasal epithelial squamous cell carcinomas and combined nasal epithelial carcinomas and epithelial squamous cell carcinomas in male rats, and rare renal carcinomas and combined carcinomas and adenomas in male mice.
OEHHA notes the EPA report found that furfuryl alcohol causes increased incidences of rare malignant nasal tumors in male rats, and rare malignant and combined malignant and benign kidney tumors in male mice.
Furfuryl alcohol (CAS No 98-00-00) is used to produce furan resins, as a chemical intermediate in the synthesis of other chemicals, and as a solvent in textile printing and alkaline paint strippers. The chemical is formed in foods during thermal processing and as a result of the dehydration of sugars.
OEHHA also announced it will not list Furfuryl, a related chemical that did not meet the criteria for listing under Proposition 65.
OEHHA is seeking public comments that discuss whether furfuryl alcohol meets the criteria set forth in the Proposition 65 regulations for authoritative bodies listings. Comments must be submitted by the close of business on August 31, 2015.
Comments submitted by e-mail should be addressed P65Public.Comments@oehha.ca.gov with “NOIL – furfuryl alcohol” in the subject line.
Comments in paper form may be mailed, faxed, or delivered in person to:Ms. Esther Barajas-Ochoa
Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment
P.O. Box 4010, MS-12B
Sacramento, California 95812-4010
Fax: (916) 323-2265
1001 I Street
Sacramento, California 95814